# Blow-Up Results for a Nonlinear Hyperbolic Equation with Lewis Function

Faramarz Tahamtani

Author Affiliations

Department of Mathematics, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran

Boundary Value Problems 2009, 2009:691496  doi:10.1155/2009/691496

 Received: 17 February 2009 Accepted: 28 September 2009 Published: 11 October 2009

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The initial boundary value problem for a nonlinear hyperbolic equation with Lewis function in a bounded domain is considered. In this work, the main result is that the solution blows up in finite time if the initial data possesses suitable positive energy. Moreover, the estimates of the lifespan of solutions are also given.

### 1. Introduction

Let be a bounded domain in with smooth boundary . We consider the initial boundary value problem for a nonlinear hyperbolic equation with Lewis function which depends on spacial variable:

(11)

(12)

(13)

where , , , and is a continuous function.

The large time behavior of solutions for nonlinear evolution equations has been considered by many authors (for the relevant references one may consult with [114].)

In the early 1970s, Levine [3] considered the nonlinear wave equation of the form

(14)

in a Hilbert space where are are positive linear operators defined on some dense subspace of the Hilbert space and is a gradient operator. He introduced the concavity method and showed that solutions with negative initial energy blow up in finite time. This method was later improved by Kalantarov and Ladyzheskaya [4] to accommodate more general cases.

Very recently, Zhou [10] considered the initial boundary value problem for a quasilinear parabolic equation with a generalized Lewis function which depends on both spacial variable and time. He obtained the blowup of solutions with positive initial energy. In the case with zero initial energy Zhou [11] obtained a blow-up result for a nonlinear wave equation in . A global nonexistence result for a semilinear Petrovsky equation was given in [14].

In this work, we consider blow-up results in finite time for solutions of problem (1.1)-(1.3) if the initial datas possesses suitable positive energy and obtain a precise estimate for the lifespan of solutions. The proof of our technique is similar to the one in [10]. Moreover, we also show the blowup of solution in finite time with nonpositive initial energy.

Throughout this paper denotes the usual norm of .

The source term in (1.1) with the primitive

(15)

satisfies

(16)

(17)

Let be the best constant of Sobolev embedding inequality

(18)

from to .

We need the following lemma in [4, Lemma 2.1].

Lemma 1.1.

Suppose that a positive, twice differentiable function satisfies for the inequality

(19)

If , , then

(110)

### 2. Blow-Up Results

We set

(21)

The corresponding energy to the problem (1.1)-(1.3) is given by

(22)

and one can find that easily from

(23)

whence

(24)

We note that from (1.6) and (1.7), we have

(25)

and by Sobolev inequality (1.8), , , where

(26)

Note that has the maximum value at which are given in (2.1).

Adapting the idea of Zhou [10], we have the following lemma.

Lemma 2.1.

Suppose that and . Then

(27)

for all .

Theorem 2.2.

For , suppose that and satisfy

(28)

If , then the global solution of the problem (1.1)–(1.3) blows up in finite time and the lifespan

(29)

Proof.

To prove the theorem, it suffices to show that the function

(210)

satisfies the hypotheses of the Lemma 1.1, where , and to be determined later. To achieve this goal let us observe

(211)

Hence,

(212)

Let us compute the derivatives and . Thus one has

(213)

and

(214)

for all . In the above assumption (1.7), the definition of energy functionals (2.2) and (2.4) has been used. Then, due to (2.1) and (2.7) and taking ,

(215)

Hence for all and by assumption (2.8) we have

(216)

Therefore for all and by the construction of , it is clearly that

(217)

whence, . Thus for all , from (2.13), (2.15), and (2.17) we obtain

(218)

which implies

(219)

Then using Lemma 1.1, one obtain that as

(220)

Now, we are in a position to choose suitable and . Let be a number that depends on , , , and as

(221)

To choose , we may fix as

(222)

Thus, for the lifespan is estimated by

(223)

which completes the proof.

Theorem 2.3.

Assume that and the following conditions are valid:

(224)

Then the corresponding solution to (1.1)–(1.3) blows up in finite time.

Proof.

Let

(225)

then

(226)

(227)

where the left-hand side of assumption (1.7) and the energy functional (2.2) have been used. Taking the inequality (2.27) and integrating this, we obtain

(228)

By using Poincare-Friedrich's inequality

(229)

and Holder's inequality

(230)

(231)

where . Using (2.30) and (2.31), we find from (2.28) that

(232)

Since as so, there must be a such that

(233)

By inequality

(234)

and by virtue of (2.33) and using (2.32), we get

(235)

where

(236)

Therefore, there exits a positive constant

(237)

such that

(238)

This completes the proof.

### References

1. Áng, DD, Dinh, APN: On the strongly damped wave equation: . SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis. 19(6), 1409–1418 (1988). Publisher Full Text

2. Nishihara, K: Asymptotic behavior of solutions of quasilinear hyperbolic equations with linear damping. Journal of Differential Equations. 137(2), 384–395 (1997). Publisher Full Text

3. Levine, HA: Instability and nonexistence of global solutions to nonlinear wave equations of the form . Transactions of the American Mathematical Society. 192, 1–21 (1974)

4. Kalantarov, VK, Ladyzhenskaya, OA: The occurrence of collapase for quasi-linear equations of parabolic and hyperbolic type. Journal of Soviet Mathematics. 10, 53–70 (1978). Publisher Full Text

5. Can, M, Park, SR, Aliyev, F: Nonexistence of global solutions of some quasilinear hyperbolic equations. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. 213(2), 540–553 (1997). Publisher Full Text

6. Ono, K: Global existence, asymptotic behaviour, and global non-existence of solutions for damped non-linear wave equations of Kirchhoff type in the whole space. Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences. 23(6), 535–560 (2000). Publisher Full Text

7. Tan, Z: The reaction-diffusion equation with Lewis function and critical Sobolev exponent. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. 272(2), 480–495 (2002). Publisher Full Text

8. Zhijian, Y: Global existence, asymptotic behavior and blowup of solutions for a class of nonlinear wave equations with dissipative term. Journal of Differential Equations. 187(2), 520–540 (2003). Publisher Full Text

9. Polat, N, Kaya, D, Tutalar, HI: Blow-up of solutions for a class of nonlinear wave equations. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Dynamic Systems and Applications, July 2004. 572–576

10. Zhou, Y: Global nonexistence for a quasilinear evolution equation with a generalized Lewis function. Journal for Analysis and Its Applications. 24(1), 179–187 (2005)

11. Zhou, Y: A blow-up result for a nonlinear wave equation with damping and vanishing initial energy in . Applied Mathematics Letters. 18(3), 281–286 (2005). Publisher Full Text

12. Wu, S-T, Tsai, L-Y: Blow-up of solutions for evolution equations with nonlinear damping. Applied Mathematics E-Notes. 6, 58–65 (2006)

13. Messaoudi, SA, Houari, BS: A blow-up result for a higher-order nonlinear Kirchhoff-type hyperbolic equation. Applied Mathematics Letters. 20(8), 866–871 (2007). Publisher Full Text

14. Chen, W, Zhou, Y: Global nonexistence for a semilinear Petrovsky equation. Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications. 70(9), 3203–3208 (2009). PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text