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Exact solution for motion of an Oldroyd-B fluid over an infinite flat plate that applies an oscillating shear stress to the fluid

Nazish Shahid1*, Mehwish Rana1 and Imran Siddique2

Author Affiliations

1 Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University, 68-B New Muslim Town, Lahore, Pakistan

2 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore, Pakistan

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Boundary Value Problems 2012, 2012:48  doi:10.1186/1687-2770-2012-48

Published: 24 April 2012

Abstract

The unsteady motion of an Oldroyd-B fluid over an infinite flat plate is studied by means of the Laplace and Fourier transforms. After time t = 0, the plate applies cosine/sine oscillating shear stress to the fluid. The solutions that have been obtained are presented as a sum of steady-state and transient solutions and can be easily reduced to the similar solutions corresponding to Newtonian or Maxwell fluids. They describe the motion of the fluid some time after its initiation. After that time when the transients disappear, the motion is described by the steady-state solutions that are periodic in time and independent of the initial conditions. Finally, the required time to reach the steady-state is established by graphical illustrations. It is lower for cosine oscillations in comparison with sine oscillations of the shear, decreases with respect to ω and λ and increases with regard to λr.

Mathematical Subject Classification (2010): 76A05; 76A10.

PACS: 47.50.-d; 47.85.-g.

Keywords:
Oldroyd-B fluid; oscillating shear stress; exact solutions