The authors of this paper study a nonlinear viscoelastic equation with variable exponents. By using the Faedo-Galerkin method and embedding theory, the existence of weak solutions is given to the initial and boundary value problem under suitable assumptions.
Keywords:existence; weak solutions; viscoelastic; variable exponents
And we also assume that
In recent years, much attention has been paid to the study of mathematical models of electro-rheological fluids. These models include hyperbolic, parabolic or elliptic equations which are nonlinear with respect to gradient of the thought solution and with variable exponents of nonlinearity; see [7-10] and references therein. Besides, another important application is the image processing where the anisotropy and nonlinearity of the diffusion operator and convection terms are used to underline the borders of the distorted image and to eliminate the noise [11,12].
To the best of our knowledge, there are only a few works about viscoelastic hyperbolic equations with variable exponents of nonlinearity. In  the authors studied the finite time blow-up of solutions for viscoelastic hyperbolic equations, and in  the authors discussed only the viscoelastic hyperbolic problem with constant exponents. Motivated by the works of [1,13], we shall study the existence and energy decay of the solutions to Problem (1.1) and state some properties to the solutions.
The outline of this paper is the following. In Section 2, we introduce the function spaces of Orlicz-Sobolev type, give the definition of the weak solution to the problem and prove the existence of weak solutions for Problem (1.1) with Galerkin’s method.
2 Existence of weak solutions
In this section, the existence of weak solutions is studied. Firstly, we introduce some Banach spaces
holds, where the positive constantCdepends onpand Ω.
Remark 2.1Note that the following inequality
does not in general hold.
The main theorem in this section is the following.
And one of the following conditions holds:
For any given integer k, we consider the approximate solution
Problem (1.1) generates the system of k ordinary differential equations
By the standard theory of the ODE system, we infer that problem (2.2) admits a unique solution in , where . Then we can obtain an approximate solution for (1.1), in , over . And the solution can be extended to , for any given , by the estimate below. Multiplying (2.1) and summing with respect to i, we conclude that
By simple calculation, we have
Combining (2.3)-(2.4) and (H1)-(H2), we get
Hence, by Lemma 2.1, we also have
In view of (H1)-(H2) and (A1)-(A2), we also have
From Lemma 2.2, we have
Taking α, ε small enough in (2.16), we obtain the estimate
Hence, by Lemma 2.1, we have
From estimate (2.17), we get
Next, we will deal with the nonlinear term. From the Aubin-Lions theorem, see Lions [, pp.57-58], it follows from (2.21) and (2.22) that there exists a subsequence of , still represented by the same notation, such that
for arbitrary . In view of (2.19)-(2.22) and Lemma 3.3.17 in , we obtain
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
YG carried out the study of existence of weak solutions for viscoelastic hyperbolic equations with variable exponents and drafted the manuscript. WG participated in the discussion of existence of weak solutions for viscoelastic hyperbolic equations with variable exponents.
Supported by NSFC (11271154) and by Department of Education for Jilin Province (2013439).
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